cryptarithms or alphametics

HAWAII + IDAHO + IOWA + OHIO == STATES

Python program originally written by Raymond Hettinger. This program solves alphametic puzzles in just 14 lines of code.

import re
import itertools

def solve(puzzle):
words = re.findall(‘[A-Z]+’, puzzle.upper())
unique_characters = set(”.join(words))
assert len(unique_characters) <= 10, 'Too many letters'
first_letters = {word[0] for word in words}
n = len(first_letters)
sorted_characters = ''.join(first_letters) + \
''.join(unique_characters – first_letters)
characters = tuple(ord(c) for c in sorted_characters)
digits = tuple(ord(c) for c in '0123456789')
zero = digits[0]
for guess in itertools.permutations(digits, len(characters)):
if zero not in guess[:n]:
equation = puzzle.translate(dict(zip(characters, guess)))
if eval(equation):
return equation

if __name__ == '__main__':
import sys
for puzzle in sys.argv[1:]:
print(puzzle)
solution = solve(puzzle)
if solution:
print(solution)
# Copyright (c) 2009, Raymond Hettinger, All rights reserved.
# Ported to Python 3 and modified by Mark Pilgrim
# original: http://code.activestate.com/recipes/576615/
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification,
# are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
#
# * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
# this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
# * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
# this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
# and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS ‘AS IS’
# AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
# IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
# ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
# LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
# CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
# SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
# INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
# CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
# ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
# POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s